Question: Do you take any prescribed medication?

Your answer

Question: Do you have therapeutic treatment?

Your answer

Question: Do you manage your medication or therapy without aids or help from someone else?

Your answer

Question: Do you need to use an aid to manage your medicine? For example to open bottles or take pills out of blister packs.

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to remind or help you to take or manage your medication?

Your answer

Question: Every week, how much time does someone spend helping or supervising you to manage any therapies (not medication) you take?

Your answer

Question: Do you need to be told to chat with other people?

Your answer

Question: Do you need support to be able to chat to and interact with other people?

Your answer

Question: Which of these best describes what happens when you're with other people?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help to wash?

Your answer

Question: Do you need to use an aid or appliance to have a shower or bath?

Your answer

Question: Do you need to be supervised or reminded to wash?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help to either wash your hair or below your waist?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help to get in or out of the bath or shower?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to help you wash your body between your shoulders and waist (front or back)?

Your answer

Question: Do you need another person to wash your entire body because you’re not able to do it yourself?

Your answer

Question: Can you dress and undress yourself?

Your answer

Question: Do you use an aid or appliance to dress or undress, such as zips or velcro?

Your answer

Question: Do you need to be told to dress or undress, or be told to keep your clothes on?

Your answer

Question: Can you choose the right clothing for the time of day or the weather conditions without help from someone else?

Your answer

Question: Can you dress and undress your lower body without help?

Your answer

Question: Can you dress and undress your upper body without help?

Your answer

Question: Are you able to dress or undress on your own at all?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to remind, encourage or explain to you how to undertake a journey, so that you don’t get extremely distressed?

Your answer

Question: Do you have any sensory or learning difficulties that mean you can’t plan the route of a journey?

Your answer

Question: Can you go on an unfamiliar journey without the help of another person or orientation aid?

Your answer

Question: Are you able to go on any journeys at all without becoming extremely distressed?

Your answer

Question: Can you go on a familiar journey without the help of another person or orientation aid?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help to work out your household and personal spending, pay your bills, and make decisions about what you’ll buy in the future?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help to work out how much change you should get when you are paying for something in a shop?

Your answer

Question: Are you able to make any decisions at all about how to spend your money?

Your answer

Question: Are you able to peel and chop vegetables to cook a simple meal on your own? For example an omelette or beans on toast.

Your answer

Question: Do you need any special aids or appliances to prepare food or cook a simple meal? For example to help you peel, chop and cook vegetables.

Your answer

Question: If you were shown how to use both an oven and a microwave, which one would you use to cook yourself a simple meal?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to tell you to cook meals for yourself?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to help you to cook or to keep an eye on you?

Your answer

Question: Can you prepare and cook food on your own?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to help you eat and drink?

Your answer

Question: Do you use a special aid or appliance to eat?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to supervise you while you eat?

Your answer

Question: Can you cut up food on your own?

Your answer

Question: Do you need to be reminded to eat food, or about the amount you should eat?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to help you use a tube to eat and drink?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone else to put food and drink into your mouth?

Your answer

Question: Can you stand and then move between 50-200 metres, either aided or unaided?

Your answer

Question: Can you stand and then move unaided between 20-50 metres?

Your answer

Question: Can you stand and then move using an aid or appliance between 20-50 metres?

Your answer

Question: Can you stand and then move between 1-20 metres, either aided or unaided?

Your answer

Question: Can you stand either aided or unaided?

Your answer

Question: Can you move more than 1 metre, whether aided or unaided?

Your answer

Question: Can you manage your toilet needs or incontinence without help from anyone else?

Your answer

Question: Do you use an aid or appliance to manage your toilet needs or incontinence?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to tell you to go to the toilet or supervise you?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help to manage your toilet needs?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help to manage incontinence of either your bladder or bowel?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help to manage incontinence of both your bladder and bowel?

Your answer

Question: Can you speak and understand spoken information without help?

Your answer

Question: Do you need an aid, such as a hearing aid, so you can speak or hear?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help from a trained person, for example a sign language interpreter, so you can understand or express complicated information?

Your answer

Question: Do you need help from a trained person, for example a sign language interpreter, so you can understand or express basic information?

Your answer

Question: Are you able to express or understand any spoken information at all even with help from a trained person?

Your answer

Question: Do you need to use an aid or appliance (not glasses or contact lenses), to read or understand written information?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to explain complex written information to you?

Your answer

Question: Do you need someone to explain basic written information to you?

Your answer

Question: Can you read or understand signs, symbols or words at all?

Your answer

You may qualify for the
Mobility Component, Enhanced rate

Your answers to the questions so far indicate that you may qualify for the “Mobility Component” of PIP at the enhanced rate.

Have a look at some more questions to see what else you might be asked in your assessment, and if there are other things you should make sure you mention.

Please be aware: Some of the activities that look as if they are just about your physical health, such as dressing and undressing, are also about your mental health. Don’t forget to have a look at those questions too.

You may qualify for the
Mobility Component, Standard rate

Your answers to the questions so far indicate that you may qualify for the “Mobility Component” of PIP at the standard rate.

Try some more questions to see if you qualify for the higher, enhanced rate.

Please be aware: Some of the activities that look as if they are just about your physical health, such as dressing and undressing, are also about your mental health. Don’t forget to have a look at those questions too.

You may qualify for the
Daily Living Component, Enhanced rate

Your answers to the questions so far indicate that you may qualify for the “Daily Living” component of PIP at the enhanced rate.

Have a look at some more questions to see what else you might be asked in your assessment, and if there are other things you should make sure you mention.

Please be aware: Some of the activities that look as if they are just about your physical health, such as dressing and undressing, are also about your mental health. Have a look at some of those questions too.

You may qualify for the
Daily Living Component, Standard Rate

Your answers to the questions so far indicate that you may qualify for the “Daily Living Component” of PIP at the standard rate.

Try some more questions to see if you qualify for the higher, enhanced rate.

Please be aware: Some of the activities that look as if they are just about your physical health, such as dressing and undressing, are also about your mental health. Have a look at some of those questions too.

You’re on a break

Feel free to close the window or turn off your computer and come back when you’re ready. Everything will be as you left it :-)

Are you sure?

This means we will get rid of any answers you've already given and you'll start again from the beginning.

Deleted

All of your assessment data has been successfully deleted from this computer.

No more new questions

You’ve seen all the questions available but skipped some of them. What would you like to do?

Questions completed!

You’ve finished all the questions. What would you like to do next?

Hello again

It looks like you’ve been here before. If that’s the case you can “Continue” to pick up where you left off or “Start over” to clear what you’ve done before and try any of the questions again. If you haven’t here before choose “Start over”.

Read the video transcript

Screen 1: This is a guide providing the basic information to help you apply for Personal Independence Payment, PIP for short, for you or someone you care for.

Captions

Caption: A Guide to Personal Independence Payment Assessments

Screen 2: PIP is a new benefit paid to people who live with long-term disabilities, or long-term health conditions that impact on their daily life. It’s not designed to help people whose disability or health condition only affect them in the short term. PIP is also claimed by people who are terminally ill, for whom special rules apply.

It’s replacing Disability Living Allowance, or DLA, for people aged between 16 and 64.

Captions

Caption: What is PIP? Health Graphic

Graphic: Heart with zig zag

Screen 3: PIP has a ‘daily living’ and a ‘mobility’ component. There are two rates for each of these components: the standard rate, and the enhanced rate for people who are more severely affected by their condition.

You can receive payments for both the ‘daily living’ and ‘mobility’ components, or just one of the two.

Captions

Captions: Components and Rates of PIP

'Daily living' component - caption and Graphic – head under a shower with animated water drops

'Mobility' component - caption and Graphic – person with a walking stick

'Standard rate' payment

'Enhanced rate' payment

Screen 4: To receive PIP you have to go through a process:

An independent medical professional carries out the assessment. The assessor does not make the final decision on your claim, but makes recommendations to a decision maker from the Department for Work and Pensions, the DWP for short.

Captions

How your claim is assessed

The 'How Your Condition Affects you' form

Graphic: Application Form

A face-to-face assessment

Graphic: Assessment – two heads facing each other

Screen 5: When making their recommendation, the assessor will consider:

Captions

Caption: What the assessor will look at

Graphic: form / answers written

Graphic: letter in envelope

Graphic: assessment – two heads facing each other

Screen 6: The assessor looks at how your disability or health condition affect the way you carry out a number of different activities.

Captions

Caption: At the assessment

Screen 7: The activities relating to the daily living component are:

Captions

Daily living activity graphic in top corner == rolling credit or scaled up on physical activity in focus

Caption: Daily living activities

Graphic: Plate with knife and fork

Graphic: Person taking a shower

Graphic: Medication pills

  • Preparing food.
  • Eating and drinking.
  • Managing your treatments.
  • Washing and bathing.
  • Managing your toilet needs/ continence.
  • Dressing and undressing.
  • Communicating verbally or non verbally.
  • Reading and understanding written information.
  • Mixing with others.
  • Making decisions about money.

Screen 8: The activities relating to the mobility component are:

Captions

Caption: Mobility activities

Mobility graphic in corner = rolling credit or scaled up on mental activity in focus

  • Planning a journey
  • Moving around

Screen 9: You will be given a score for each of these activities.

For example, for the activity ‘dressing and undressing’, if you can dress and undress unaided, you will score 0 points. If you cannot dress or undress at all, this will score 8 points. If you need prompting to select appropriate clothing, or if you need assistance to undress part of your body, you will get a score in between.

Some other activities, such as moving around, have highest scores of 10 or 12 points.

Your scores across the activities will be added, and that will decide the recommendation the assessor makes.

Captions

Caption: How the assessment will be scored

Graphic: Scoring graphic - graph

Screen 10: Some tips for you to bear in mind.

When Filling Out the Form.

Captions

Completing the ‘How Your Disability Affects You’ form

Captions: Filling in the form & form graphic

Don’t worry!

Give details

Ask for help

Screen 11:

Don’t put on a brave face when talking about your disability or health condition; be clear about how much it affects you.

Captions

Captions: Make sure you answer honestly and accurately

How does your condition affect you on your worst day?

Screen 12: Your condition may change from day to day, be clear about how it impacts on you on your worst day.

Be aware of what it means to say you are able to carry out a task. Can you do it safely, properly, more than once, and within a reasonable time period? Does it cause you pain when you carry out the task? Make it clear if you use any aids to help you.

Equally, don’t pretend things are worse than they really are. Knowingly giving false answers as part of a benefit application is benefit fraud, which is a criminal offence.

Captions

Caption: Can you do it:

  • Safely
  • Properly
  • More than once
  • Within a reasonable time period

Screen 13:

Captions

Keep copies of your documents

Form Graphic

Screen 14: Before the assessment:

Captions

Caption: Prepare for the questions

Making a list Graphic

Website address

Screen 15: Plan your journey to the assessment centre in advance. Don’t be late!

Captions

Caption: Plan your journey

Graphic: clock graphic

Screen 16: You have rights at the face to face assessment

Captions

Captions: Your Rights

Claim Expenses - Money graphic

You have a right to be accompanied - two people graphic

You have the right to complain - Pencil graphic

Screen 17: Once the decision is made you will receive a letter from the DWP telling you the outcome of your application. It will explain how the decision was made, including the points you scored in your test. It will tell you which components you will get, which rates you will receive, and how long it will be until your case will be reassessed.

Captions

Caption: The Decision

You will find out if you will receive the benefit and how much you will be paid

Screen 18: Depending on the components and rate of PIP you are entitled to, you might qualify for other benefits or help, for example, the motability scheme.

Captions

Caption: You might qualify for other benefits

Graphic: Mobility Scooter

Screen 19: If you are unhappy with the decision you have received you can request a mandatory reconsideration. If, after that, you are still unhappy with the decision, you can appeal against it. We recommend that you get some support for this from a local Citizen’s Advice Bureau or advice centre.

Captions

Caption: If you are unhappy with the decision

Help graphic – head with speech bubble with a question mark

Screen 20: To start your claim for PIP:

You can get more information about the PIP assessment and try some of the questions at our independent website www.pip-assessment.support

Essential guide to PIP

Once you’ve looked at the guide or the video, you can get more prepared by trying out some questions →

Personal Independence Payment (or PIP, for short) is a new benefit paid to people who live with long-term disabilities, or long-term health conditions that impact on their daily life. It’s not designed to help people whose disability or health condition only affect them in the short term.

PIP is also claimed by people who are terminally ill, for whom different conditions apply.

It’s replacing Disability Living Allowance, or DLA, for people aged between 16 and 64.

A Guide to Personal Independence Payment (PIP) Assessments

About This Guide

Welcome to this Guide to the Personal Independence Payment ('PIP') assessment process.

We’ve brought together all the information you need to get you through the assessment, whether it’s you going through it, or a relative or someone else that you care for.

We’ve included some basic information in the guide on PIP itself, but our main focus is on the assessment process, and helping you get the benefit to which you are entitled.

This guide will be of use both to people making new applications for PIP, and those who are moving from Disability Living Allowance ('DLA'), to PIP.

Basic Information about PIP

Who is PIP for?

PIP is a new benefit paid to people who live with one or more disabilities, and/or one or more long-term health conditions which impact on their daily life.

It’s replacing Disability Living Allowance (DLA), but only for people aged between 16 and 64:

PIP is meant to help people towards the extra costs they may face as a result of their health or disability, but if you’re claiming it, you can spend it how you want.

Because PIP is meant to help towards these extra costs:

PIP is also a benefit that supports people who are terminally ill. There are special rules for applying for PIP if you are terminally ill. The best summary of these rules can be found on the Citizens Advice Website.

More basic information about eligibility for PIP, for example about how entitlement is affected by nationality, immigration status and where you have lived for the last three years can be found on the Government's PIP Eligibility information page.

Helping You with the Extra Costs of Daily Life

PIP is designed to help you with the extra costs you in your day-to-day life.

It has 2 parts, called ‘components’ by the Department for Work and Pensions ('DWP'):

Payment in relation to each of these components is either at:

You can receive payments in relation to both daily living and mobility components, or just one of the two, and any combination of standard and enhanced rates.

PIP is for People with Long-Term Disabilities / Health Conditions

PIP is not designed to help people whose disability or health condition only impacts on them in the short term.

This means that it should have been affecting you for 3 months prior to your filling in the form, and that you expect it to impact on your health for a further 9 months.

(This rule does not apply for people applying for PIP who are terminally ill.)

If you are transferring from DLA to PIP, it will be assumed that you have already had your condition for 3 months.

If you are due to have an operation that may improve your health within the next 9 months, you will be assessed as if the treatment or operation was not taking place.

Who Can Apply for PIP?

There are 2 groups of people who can apply for PIP:

If You Are Starting a New Claim

If you wish to make a new claim for PIP, you start the process by contacting the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP).

This can be done by calling either of the following numbers, both available Monday to Friday, between 8am and 6pm:

When you call, you will be asked for the following information:

You can get someone to call on your behalf, but you must be with them when the call is made, unless you complete a mandate form, so that the DWP know that it is genuinely you that they are helping.

To take your claim forward, the person that you speak to from the DWP will make sure that you satisfy some 'basic conditions' (see the Government's PIP eligibility page for more information):

You should also be aware that PIP is not paid to people during a long-term stay in a hospital or care home (more than a month), so the DWP will check that you are not in one of these situations.

Once the DWP are happy that you are eligible for PIP, they send you a form, ‘How Your Condition Affects You’, and the main part of the process begins.

If You Are Currently on Disability Living Allowance

You may be one of the 1.7m people in Great Britain aged between 16 and 64 who are currently claiming Disability Living Allowance (DLA).

If so, unless you turn 65 before the process reaches you, you will at some point have to move off DLA, and will be asked if you wish to claim PIP instead.

If you’re currently claiming DLA and haven’t yet been contacted by the DWP, there is no need to panic. You don’t need to do anything yourself about the situation and can wait until the DWP contacts you.

The process of getting everyone onto the new benefit will take some time. The Government currently plans to finish the transition by May 2018.

You can choose to apply for PIP now if your disability worsens and you think you would be entitled to more money under PIP than you are under DLA. You should take advice from a trained welfare rights adviser before taking that course of action.

When it’s time for you to go through the process, the DWP will write to you. You will then have 28 days to start your claim for PIP. If you do not start your claim within this time, your DLA may be suspended after 4 weeks, and after a further 4 weeks it may be terminated.

Assessing Your Claim

Assessment Process Basics

The process of applying for PIP involves the following stages:

Each bit of the process is important to the final result. When making their recommendation, the assessor will consider:

This section will now explain in more detail how that recommendation and final decision are reached.

‘Activities’

The decision about whether or not you are entitled to PIP is made by looking at how your disability or health condition affects the way you carry out a number of different ‘activities’

To make their decision about the daily living component of PIP, the assessor looks at the impact of your disability / health condition on 10 different activities.

These are:

To make their decision about the mobility component of PIP, the assessor looks at the impact of your disability/health condition on just 2 different activities:

‘Descriptors’ and Scores

For each of these activities, the assessor looks at which of a number of ‘descriptors’ which best describe your situation. Each of these descriptors has a score attached.

You can see what this means in more detail by looking at examples for descriptors and scores in 2 different categories: dressing and undressing, and moving around.

The descriptors - with associated points scores - for dressing and undressing are as follows:

The descriptors - with associated points scores - for moving around are as follows:

The Final Score

At the conclusion of the assessment, the assessor will have a score, on which they base their recommendation to award you the benefit or not. The actual decision to award you PIP or not is made by a DWP decision maker.

The score is worked out by adding together the highest score under each of the activities.

For both the daily living and the mobility components, you will need eight points in total to get the standard rate, and twelve points to get the enhanced rate.

You can get to those scores by having a disability or health condition which has some impact on a number of areas of your daily life, or by having a disability or health condition which has a major impact on one area of your daily life.

Key Messages When Applying

At each of the stages of applying for PIP you should think about:

You should also make sure that everything you say about the condition is honest and accurate.

You Can Do Something, But How Do You Do It?

If someone asks you whether you can do something, the answer is not always simple. You might usually answer that you can, even though it takes you a long time, or causes you pain when you do it.

Your PIP medical assessor will be looking to see what you being able to do something actually means in practice.

To count as being able to do something under the PIP assessment you must be able to do something:

The assessment will make one other key assumption when they look at whether you can carry out an activity - that you are wearing or using relevant aids and appliances that might help you. This assumption is made even if you don’t use such aids and appliances. If you do use such, you should make that clear, as it can help you score more points on some activities.

When Your Condition / Disability Varies

You may well be someone who has good days and bad days, good weeks and bad weeks, and never be certain about how your disability or health condition is going to impact on you over the next while. The DWP calls this a 'fluctuating condition'.

The assessment will take this into account. It will not assume that just because you can carry out a particular activity on your best day, you can usually carry it out.

Because your condition varies, more than one descriptor might apply to you over the course of a week, month, or year. The assessor therefore looks at how often each of the range of descriptors under an activity apply to you.

You need to make clear on your form, in your assessment, and in the supporting information you submit, how your condition varies day-to-day. In particular, it needs to be clear how it affects you on your worst day.

You may find it useful to keep a diary of the way your condition / disability affects you. This help you identify the impact on you of carrying out a task, for example if you do a lot of an activity one day, does that leave you exhausted the next day or few days? It may also help you identify the impact of treatment on one day over the days that follow. This could include being left exhausted by the effort of being engaged in counselling.

You should also ask the person who knows your condition best to be clear about how your condition varies in the evidence they provide.

Answering Honestly and Accurately

You may be used to hiding the full impact of your disability and health condition on your daily life. When people ask you how you are, you may often say ‘Not so bad’, and it can be difficult to admit that things are as difficult as they actually are.

When you apply for PIP you should not put on a brave face, but should be honest about the impact of your disability and health condition on your life. The information that you provide is confidential and will only be used to assess your entitlement to benefit.

In the same way as you shouldn’t hide the impact of your condition/ disability on your daily life, you should also not pretend that things are worse than they really are. Knowingly submitting false information as part of a benefit application in order to access benefits is a criminal offence.

Going Through the Process

Completing the Form

Once your claim has started you will be sent the ‘How Your Disability Affects You’ Form.

This asks you about how your disability or health condition makes things difficult for you in your daily life.

The form might look long at first, and it does ask you personal questions.

But it is less daunting than it looks at first glance. You don’t have to complete it in one sitting, and all you have to do is answer the questions honestly and accurately, there are no trick questions.

If you aren’t sure about how to complete the form, it is a good idea to seek help. You may be able to get help from your local CAB, another local advice centre, or from your local council.

Information about where to get help is available from the CAB and Advice UK. If you’re getting support with your disability/health condition from a charity, a health worker or a social worker, they will also be able to point you towards help.

You must complete and return the form within 4 weeks.

Collecting Evidence

The DWP ask you to send in evidence about how your condition affects your daily life along with the form.

You can get this evidence from a number of different people. Do not feel that the only person you can ask is your doctor, a letter from your GP is a good idea, but you should also ask the health worker or social worker who knows you best.

You can provide as much supporting information as you like, as long as it is focused on the impact of your disability/ health condition on YOUR life.

What Happens Next

The DWP pass your completed form, and all the evidence you have sent in, to the medical assessor.

The assessor will be a health professional employed by one of the companies contracted to do the assessments.

They will look at the information they have and then:

In most cases, the assessor will decide that you do need to go through a face to face assessment to get PIP.

The Face to Face Assessment

Practicalities

Timing

Face to face assessments vary in length, but usually last around 60 minutes.

Notice

You should get at least 7 days notice of the assessment, telling you the time, the place and the date. You can be offered a quicker assessment, but are under no obligation to accept that offer.

If you can't make it to the appointment you must let the DWP know. If you do not, and you do not go, your benefit will be affected and may be stopped until you do attend an assessment. You will not usually be able to cancel more than one appointment without it affecting your benefit.

Venue

The face to face assessment will usually take place in an assessment centre that is specifically used for the purpose. It can also take place in a local health centre.

You can request a home visit if:

Travel and Expenses

You will be able to claim back reasonable expenses in relation to attending the face to face assessment. These can include:

No other costs can be claimed back, for example for meals or loss of earnings.

You should ask for a travel reimbursement claim form at the assessment if you do not have one, and make sure you keep bus/ train tickets/ receipts or parking tickets/ receipts for both yourself and anyone who accompanies you.

Planning Your Travel

Plan your journey to the place where the assessment is being held in advance, there should be a map with your appointment letter.

NB: Travel to the assessment is a particularly important issue that the assessor will pick up in questions, because they will be interested in how well you can get around, and how well you can plan a journey. If you have walked some distance from a bus stop or car park to the place where the assessment is taking place, it is unlikely that you will score highly on questions relating to mobility, unless you can demonstrate that you would usually not be able to do so.

Your Rights

Your Right to Interpretation Support

You have the right to interpretation support if:

You should contact the assessment company’s customer service centre on the number given on the appointment letter if you wish to have interpretation support.

Your Right to Be Accompanied

You have the right to be accompanied at your assessment. You can ask a relative, friend, carer, or a paid advocate or other professional working with you to attend.

They can simply be present to give you reassurance, or can speak on your behalf in the assessment, or take part in some other way, if you wish them to do so.

Your Right to Record the Assessment.

The assessment isn’t recorded by the assessor. You can audio record the assessment, but you must inform the assessor before you attend the appointment that you plan to do so. If you try to record the assessment secretly, you may have your claim turned down automatically. You must also be able to provide a full and accurate copy of the recording to the health professional at the end of the session, either on CD or audio cassette. You cannot video record the assessment.

Preparing for the Face to Face Assessment

Documents

It is a good idea to have taken a photocopy of any forms that you have submitted, including the initial application form, and of any written evidence that you have from your doctor or other health or support worker.

You should re read these before the assessment. They are the background information that the assessor will be using.

It is possible that your condition has changed since you submitted your application, in particular, it may have worsened. If this has happened, ask your doctor, or other health worker to write a letter about that change, which you should then bring with you to the assessment.

If you feel that there was more supporting evidence that you could have provided in your application, bring the relevant documents with you. The assessor will take a copy of these, and consider them as part of the process.

Being Ready for the Questions

So that you don’t forget to mention them, make a list of:

You might find it helpful to use the PIP assessment tool on this website to help you think through the things that you want to communicate to the assessor. You may also find it useful to look at the full list of activities and descriptors on the Citizens Advice website.

The assessor will ask you a number of questions about the impact of your condition/ disabilities on your life.

The questions won’t be straightforward repeats of the descriptors and activities. They are more likely to be open questions about how you cope with undertaking certain activities.

You should also be aware that the assessor will be observing you during the assessment, and that some of the questions may focus on how you have prepared for coming to the assessment, and how you have got here.

If you are not sure what a question means, ask the assessor to explain, and take your time answering.

The Decision

Once you have been assessed, the medical assessor will look at your application, all the additional information you have provided, and review the answers you have given in the assessment.

They will then write a report, which will be sent to a decision maker at the DWP, who will check that everything has been done correctly.

The decision maker will then decide if you are entitled to support, what type of support you are entitled to, and the level of support that you will receive.

The decision maker will decide your case in one of nine different ways, and you will be paid accordingly.

These are set out in the table below.

Daily Living Component Mobility Component
Enhanced Rate Enhanced Rate
Enhanced Rate Standard Rate
Enhanced Rate No payment
Standard Rate Enhanced Rate
Standard Rate Standard Rate
Standard Rate No payment
No payment Enhanced Rate
No payment Standard Rate
No payment No payment

The DWP will write to you to tell you what decision they have made on your application. This may take 4-8 weeks.

They will give you an explanation of why they have come to that decision. This will include setting out the points that you received in the assessment as a whole and under each activity. The letter will also tell you how much you will get, and the length of time before the DWP will look at your case again to see if your circumstances have changed.

Payment Rates

In 2015/16 PIP is paid at the following rates.

Daily Living Component:

Mobility Component:

Passporting Benefits

One of the most important aspects of PIP is that, like DLA, it acts as a ‘passport’ to other benefits or help.

Some of these benefits / help are for you, some are for the person who cares for you. Some are paid in cash, sometimes as new benefits or sometimes as top ups on benefits you are already getting. Others are about entitlement to in kind support, such as access to the blue badge scheme for disabled people’s parking, or Motability.

Entitlement to these benefits / this help will depend on which components of PIP you are getting, at which rate. Entitlement may also vary dependent on where you live in the UK.

You can find a list of the benefits / help to which you may be entitled on the Citizens Advice Website:

Unhappy with the Decision?

First Steps

You may be unhappy with the decision that you get from the DWP.

The DWP say that they will try and contact you to explain their decision once you have got the letter saying that you aren’t eligible for PIP.

When they do, you can tell them if you don’t agree with the decision. You can also give them more information to support what you are saying, for example if your circumstances change.

It is possible, though unlikely, that the DWP will decide to award you the benefit at this point.

Mandatory Reconsideration

More likely, your next step is to request what is called a 'mandatory reconsideration'.

This means formally asking the DWP to look again at their decision. The quickest way to do this is by phoning the DWP. If you do not want to call them you must write to the address on your decision notice. You need to explain why you do not agree with the decision, you can also include further supporting information.

If you are unhappy with the decision that you have received, you need to take action quite quickly. You only have one month from the date of the decision letter to ask for a mandatory reconsideration.

The DWP will then review its decision, and will write to you to tell you what that decision is, and to explain why they have reached it.

Appeal

If you are still unhappy with the decision you have received, you can appeal against it.

Again, you need to act quickly. You must make your appeal in writing or on form SSCS1 within one month of the date of the letter telling you the result of your mandatory reconsideration. You must send a copy of the DWP’s mandatory reconsideration notice with your appeal.

We recommend that you get support from a CAB or other advice agency with submitting the mandatory reconsideration. We even more strongly recommend that you seek such support if you are appealing against a decision.

Information about where to get help is available from Citizens Advice and Advice UK.

You’ve seen all the questions about this activity. What would you like to look at next?

Activity Selection

Activity: Unseen category

Because you chose “Pick at random”, we have selected an activity containing questions you haven’t seen yet. Remember: You can take a break at any time.

Remember

Travel

Letters from the DWP

Preparing your answers

At the assessment

If you can’t attend